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Eugene Delacroix
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    (April 26, 1798-August 13, 1863)
    Born in Charenton-St-Maurice, France
    Birth name was Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
    French Romantic era painter
    Painted 'The Barque of Dante (1822),' 'The Massacre at Chios (1824),' 'Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi (1826),' 'Death of Sardanapalus (1827),' 'Liberty Leading the People (1830),' 'The Women of Algiers in their Apartment (1834),' 'Medea about to Kill Her Children (1838),' 'The Shipwreck of Don Juan (1840),' 'Jewish Wedding in Morocco (1841),' 'The Entombment of Christ (1848),' 'Michelangelo in His Studio (1950)' and 'Arabs Skirmishing in the Mountains (1863)'
    Awarded the medal of the Legion of Honor (1831)
    Elected to the Institut de France (1857)
    Died in Paris at age 65
    After his death, the 1864 sale of his works included 853 paintings, 1,525 pastels & water colors, 6,629 drawings, 109 lithographs and over 60 sketch books
    Subject of the book 'Eugene Delacroix, 1798-1863: The Prince of Romanticism' by Gilles Neret (1999)
    His father, Charles, was believed infertile at the time of his conception and his true father was family friend Maurice de Talleyrand.
    He was a fast worker who admonished the slowpokes of his profession.
    He sacrificed detail for broad, powerful brush strokes.
    His graphic depictions of battlefield deaths, such as his series of paintings showing Greeks in their war for independence, disturbed some in the art field.
    He painted several of his works twice and devoted an entire series to the same theme of a lion hunt.
    Some of his paintings created late in his life were described as dry and with lack of inspiration.
    His father died when he was seven and his mother died when he was 16.
    His inspiration for the vivid colors he displayed in his works came from legendary artist Peter Paul Rubens.
    His very first painting was accepted to be shown at the annual Paris Salon in 1822.
    Besides Romanticism, he was known as the last great artist of the Renaissance period and the first of the Modern.
    He painted portraits of his friends and contemporaries of the time, including Frederic Chopin and George Sand.
    He also illustrated the works of William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
    He was granted many French government commissions for ceiling paintings and murals.
    His vision helped create the next art movement - Impressionism.
    Inspired by his work, Edouard Manet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir made copies of his paintings.
    He kept several journals of his thought process and state of mind while painting, which proved invaluable to art scholars.

Credit: Scar Tactics

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