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Gustavus Adolphus
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    (December 7, 1594-November 7, 1632)
    Also known as 'Gustav Adolph the Great' or 'the Lion of the North'
    Assumed the Swedish throne after the death of Charles IX (1611)
    Participant of the 'Thirty Years War' between Catholic and Protestant countries (1618-1648)
    Founded the city of Gothenburg, the second largest city in Sweden after Stockholm (1621)
    Lands with an invasion force in Poland and Germany (1630)
    Defeats the Catholics at the 'Battle of Breitenfeld' (1631)
    Defeats the Catholics again at the 'Battle of Lech' (1632)
    Repulsed during an attack on Alte Feste, a Catholic-controlled stronghold (1632)
    Mortally wounded at the 'Battle of Lützen,' which ended in a Swedish-Protestant victory (1632)
    The Day of Gustav Adolph is observed each year on November 6 in Sweden
    Napoleon worshipped him as the general above all others.
    He participated in the religious wars of Europe with a country that was, at that time, rather small.
    He used the wars to gain economic ties in Germany and to secure his own borders.
    The war he participated in had large amounts of civilian casualties and seriously dislocated the economy of central Europe.
    He ordered that every young man in Sweden serve a minimum 20 years in the military, and forbid them from things like swearing and sexual intercourse.
    He died in battle, and had he lived a fuller life, he more than likely would have made a more noticeable historical impact than he did.
    The Swedish Parliament was so impressed with his wisdom and maturity that they waved the age requirement and allowed him to assume the throne at only seventeen years of age.
    He preferred to control only his military, and handed over control of domestic affairs to a skilled and experienced administrator he worked well with for nearly his entire reign.
    He turned Sweden, a small country with a population of barely 1,000,000, into a world power.
    He introduced many new tactics in warfare previously unheard of in military history, such as the idea of the integration of infantry, cavalry and artillery into a professional army force, with a chain of command.
    He was one of the first military commanders to use supply lines and bases extensively.
    His concepts of an organized, professional and efficient military have been copied and expanded ever since, most notably by Napoleon.
    He left behind enough subordinates learned in his philosophy of warfare to insure the government and world power status of Sweden wouldn't collapse with his early death.
    He is considered in retrospect by many military historians to be the 'Father of Modern Warfare.'

Credit: Captain Howdy

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