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Charles Cornwallis
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Military Personnel
    (December 31, 1738-October 5, 1805)
    Born in London, United Kingdom
    Named 2nd Earl Cornwallis (1762) and 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1792)
    British general during the American Revolution
    Surrendered to George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown (1781)
    Served as Governor-General of India (1786-93,1805) and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1798-1801)
    Despite having expressed sympathy in Parliament for American colonists, he went to war against them.
    He refused to take part in the surrender ceremony after Yorktown, claiming to be ill.
    As Governor-General of India, he dismissed Indians from the civil service and reserved any post paying more than 500 pounds a year for Europeans.
    He voted against the Stamp Act (which imposed a tax on printed materials in the American colonies) and the Declaratory Act (asserting the right of Parliament to legislate for the colonies 'in all cases whatsoever').
    As Governor-General of India, he reformed the legal system, creating a legal code that was more humane than the one in Britain.
    As Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he was an advocate for Catholic emancipation.

Credit: C. Fishel

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