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Al-Kindi
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Philosopher
    (801-873)
    Born in Basra, Iraq
    Iraqi philosopher, polymath, mathematician, physician and musician
    Birth name was Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī
    Known as Alkindus in Latin writings
    Revered as 'the Philosopher of the Arabs' and 'Father of Islamic Philosophy'
    Wrote over 260 books, on fields ranging from geometry, medicine, philosophy, logic, and physics
    Wrote 4 volumes, Ketab fi Isti'mal al-'Adad al-Hindi (On the Use of Indian Numerals)
    Wrote treatises on arithmetic, lines, geometry, the harmony of numbers, multiplication with numbers, relative quantities, measuring proportion/time, and numerical procedures/cancellation
    Also known for ‘The Book of the Judgement of the Stars,’ ‘On the Stellar Rays,’ ‘De mutatione temporum (On the Changing of the Weather),’ ‘The Choices of Days,’ ‘On the Revolutions of the Years,’ ‘De Signis Astronomiae Applicitis as Mediciam (‘On the Signs of Astronomy as applied to Medicine’), and Treatise on the Spirituality of the Planets
    His birth name was extremely long.
    He was born into nobility (both his father and grandfather were influential governors).
    A majority of his writings were lost or destroyed after his death.
    He was unpopular with later scholars for his insisting that metaphysics and theology were one in the same.
    He openly denounced Mutazilite scholars who professed their beliefs in the atom.
    It is believed that his theology caused him to fall out of favor with the Caliph al-Mutawakkil, however more likely it was caused by heated infighting within the House of Wisdom.
    He was the most influential figure in the Islamic Golden Age, but has been largely forgotten, overshadowed by Al-Farabi and Ibn-Sina.
    He is the namesake for the Arabic music group, Ensemble Al-Kindi.
    Geralomo Cardano called him one of the 12 greatest minds of the Middle Ages.
    His works led to developments in physics, mathematics, medicine and music.
    He wrote on topics as diverse as perfumes, swords, jewels/glass, dyes, zoology, tides, mirrors, and earthquakes.
    It is believed that his body of work was largely destroyed by the Mongols, who torched all major libraries during their invasions.
    He was snared by the Caliph al-Mutawakkil's obsessive persecution of Islamic scholars deemed 'unorthodox.'
    As such, the Caliph ordered him to be beaten and tortured, and briefly had his library confiscated.
    He successfully incorporated Aristotelian and neo-Platonist thought into an Islamic philosophical framework, popularizing Greek philosophy for later Islamic scholars (and, as a result, Renaissance Europe).
    He said 'we ought not to be embarrassed of appreciating the truth and of obtaining it wherever it comes from, even if it comes from races distant and nations different from us.'

Credit: BoyWiththeGreenHair


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