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Mikhail Lermontov
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Poet
    (October 15, 1814-July 27, 1841)
    Born in Moscow, Russia
    Prominent Romantic Russian poet, painter, and writer sometimes called 'the poet of the Caucasus'
    Descendant of George Learmonth, or Yuri Lermont, a Scottish officer captured by Russian troops when serving the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
    Poems include 'The Corsair' (1828), 'The Angel' (1831), 'Khadji-Abrek' (1835), 'Borodino' (1837), 'Death of the Poet' (1837), 'The Song of the Merchant Kalashnikov' (1837), 'The Cossack Lullaby' (1838), 'Tambov Treasurer’s Wife' (1838), 'Demon' (1839), and 'The Fugitive' (1846)
    Wrote the plays 'The Spaniards' (1830), 'Menschen und Leidenschaften' (1830), 'A Strange Man' (1831), 'Masquerade' (1835), 'Two Brothers' (1836), and 'Arbenin' (1836; alternative version of Masquerade)
    Attended Moscow University (August 1830-June 18, 1832)
    Attended School of Calvary Cadets at St. Petersburg (1832-<28011>November<28011> 1834)
    Exiled to the Caucasus (February 25, 1837-1838, February 1840-1841)
    Painted 'Georgian Military Road' (1837)
    Wrote the short story 'Ashik-Kerib' (1837) and the novel 'A Hero of Our Time' (1840)
    Fought in the Caucasian War
    Killed in a duel against Nikolai Martynov
    He was spoiled by his grandmother, who disliked his father for his infidelity and violent, erratic behavior.
    As a result of his grandmother limiting contact between him and his father, he threw tantrums that involved ransacking his grandmother's garden and hurting small animals.
    His obnoxious, arrogant, and boastful behavior made him many enemies during his lifetime.
    He fell in love with his cousin Varvara Lopukhina at the age of 16.
    He gained a reputation as a womanizer who pursued various women and left them behind devastated, such as his old flame Yekaterina Sushkova.
    'Death of the Poet', which he wrote in memory of Alexander Pushkin, was so inflammatory that it led to his first exile to the Caucasus.
    He insulted the French ambassador's son, which got him into a duel resulting in his second exile to the Caucasus.
    He never completed any of his novels except 'A Hero of Our Time'.
    His works influenced later Russian literature up to modern times.
    His prose laid the basis of the Russian psychological novel.
    In his poetry, he tried to analyze his reasons for his discontent with life and society.
    His mother died from tuberculosis when he was two. (February 27, 1817)
    He suffered from scrofula and rickets as a child.
    He broke his knee that resulted in a limp during a horse-riding accident.
    His first exile in the Caucasus was ironically a productive moment in his life, as he studied the local languages, wrote fine poetry, and painted extensively.
    He was praised for his military actions at the Battle of the Valerik River, when he showed great courage by breaking into the enemy lines first as he led troops. (July 11, 1840)

Credit: Big Lenny


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