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Nazim Hikmet
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    (January 15, 1902-June 2, 1963)
    Born in Thessaloniki, Greece
    Born Mehmet Nazim
    Attended Taşmektep Primary School in the Göztepe district of Istanbul
    Enrolled to the junior high school section of the prestigious Galatasaray Lisesi in the Beyoğlu district
    Transferred to Numune Mektebi in the Nişantaşı district (1913)
    Graduated from the Turkish Naval Academy in Heybeliada (1918)
    Wrote 'A Sad State Of Freedom,' 'A Spring Piece Left In The Middle,' 'About My Poetry,' 'Angina Pectoris,' 'Autobiography,', 'Don Quixote,' 'Gioconda And Si-Ya-U,' 'Hymn To Life,' 'It's This Way,' 'Last Will And Testament,' 'Letter To My Wife,' 'Letters From A Man In Solitary,' 'Lion In An Iron Cage,' 'On Living,' 'Optimistic Man,' 'Our Eyes,' 'Regarding Art,' 'Some Advice To Those Who Will Serve Time In Prison,' 'The Strangest Creature On Earth' and 'Things I Didn't Know I Loved'
    Dual Polish and Turkish citizenship
    Died in Moscow, Russia
    He was a communist who had ardently propagated communist propaganda since 1924, the year Turkey became a republic.
    His belief in communism got him into trouble with Turkish authorities.
    Despite having a heart attack, he went on an eighteen-day hunger strike while in prison (1950).
    The plays he wrote were inspired by Marxism.
    He moved to the Soviet Union right after his release from jail.
    His imprisonment throughout the 1940s sparked a campaign to release him (1949).
    He fought in the Turkish War of Independence, which turned Turkey into a republic.
    Mustafa Kemak Atatürk, the founder of modern-day Turkey, strongly admired his first poems because they called for support for their struggle.
    He was able to write much of his best poetry while in prison (1933-1950).
    He condemned the Armenian Genocide.
    He composed poems when he was as young as 14.
    He remains popular in Turkey even though he was persecuted by the Turkish government during his lifetime.
    His poems feature people from the countryside, villages, towns and cities of his homeland.
    He died of a heart attack while picking up a morning newspaper at the door at his summer house at 6:30 a.m.
    His final will, which was to bury him under a plane-tree in any village cemetery in Anatolia, was defied when he was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow instead.
    He is considered one of the greatest figures of Turkish literature.
    His Turkish citizenship was revoked (1959-2009).
    During Cyprus's struggle for independence from Britain, he urged Turkish Cypriots to cooperate with the Greek Cypriots in their struggle.

Credit: Big Lenny

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