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Lord Robert Cecil
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Politician
    (September 14, 1864-November 24, 1958)
    Born in London, United Kingdom
    Son of British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury
    Member of Parliament for Marylebone East (1906-10) and Hitchin (1911-23)
    Undersecretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1915-19)
    Named 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (December 28, 1923)
    Wrote ‘Memorandum on Proposals for Diminishing the Occasion of Future Wars’ (1916), ‘Proposals for Maintenance of Future Peace’ (1917), and ‘The Way of Peace’ (1928)
    Helped draft the Covenant of the League of Nations (1919)
    President of the League of Nations Union (1923-45)
    Received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the League of Nations (1937)
    His full name was the unwieldy Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil.
    While drafting the Covenant of the League of Nations, he successfully opposed Japanese efforts to add a provision opposing racial discrimination.
    He proposed that the League of Nations adopt Esperanto as its official language (1921).
    When Japan violated the League Covenant by seizing Manchuria, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin noted, ‘The very people like Bob Cecil who have made us disarm are now urging us forward to take action. But where will action take us?... If you enforce an economic boycott you will have war declared by Japan and she will seize Singapore and Hong Kong and we cannot, as we are placed, stop her.’
    He was one of the few members of the Conservative Party to support women’s suffrage.
    He said that British participation in the Munich Agreement giving German-speaking portions of Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany (1938) was ‘as shameful as anything in our history.’
    He was an insatiable reader and a great fan of the works of Jane Austen.
    He was married to Lady Eleanor Lambton for 69 years and said proposing to her was the cleverest thing he had ever done.

Credit: C. Fishel


    For 2020, as of last week, Out of 3 Votes: 33.33% Annoying
 
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